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Kenya’s Vision 2030 Analysis!

By Thomas

1.1 Background

Since attaining independence Kenya had two long term policies and several 5 years development plans that have guided planning and investment. The first was sessional paper No 10 0f 1965: African Socialism and its Application to Planning in Kenya, and the second sessional paper No 1 of 1986: Economic Management for Renewed Growth.

Immediately after taking office in 2003, the new NARC Government commenced the process of preparing an Economic Recovery Programme, focusing on the main strategy for reviving the economy and creating jobs. The Strategy took into account existing government policy documents particularly; The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper that was issued in 2001. This led to the development of a five year plan known as Economic Recovery Strategy for Employment and Wealth creation (ERS).The Strategy identified key policy measures and programmes to be pursued over the five year term and was anchored on four pillars i.e. Macroeconomic stability, strengthening of institutions of governance, rehabilitation and expansion of physical infrastructure and investment in the human capital of the poor. On conclusion of the five year term of successful implementation of the ERS which saw the country’s economy back on the path to rapid growth since 2002, when GDP grew at 0.6% to 6.1 in 2006 the Government came up with a new strategy Kenya Vision 2030 the country’s development blueprint covering the period 2008 to 2030.

1.2 Kenya vision 2030 the concept

Kenya’s Vision 2030 is the country’s new development plan covering the period 2008 to 2030. It is a far-sighted national development plan to transform Kenya into a rapidly industrializing middle-income nation by the year 2030.

The economic pillar aims at providing prosperity of all Kenyans through an Economic development programme aimed at achieving an average Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate of 10% per annum in the next 25 years. To achieve this objective the pillar targeted six priority sectors namely Tourism, Agriculture and Livestock, Wholesale and retail trade, Manufacturing, Business Process Outsourcing and Financial services.

The social pillar seeks to build “a just and cohesive society with social equity in a clean and secure environment”. To achieve this objectives the pillar targeted five priority sectors namely Education and Training, Health, Water and Sanitation, Environment and Housing and Urbanization

The political pillar aims at realizing a democratic political system founded on issue-based politics that respects the rule of law, and protects the rights and freedoms of every individual in the Kenyan society. Under this pillar the pillar targeted Rule of Law and Electoral and Political Processes.

1.3 Milestones achieved in the implementation of Vision 2030

i) Economic Pillar— accelerating annual GDP growth to 10 percent on a sustained Basis

International arrivals (proxy for tourist arrivals) peaked at 1.8 million in 2007. Since 2008, the sector has been on a steady recovery with 1.6 million arrivals in 2010. Data for the first half of 2011 compared to a similar period in 2010 shows continued improvement in the tourism sector with arrivals data higher by 13.6%. On the other hand, the agriculture sector has recorded a positive growth of 6.3% in 2010.

The financial services sector has grown steadily to record 8.8% growth in 2010. Progress has been achieved in development of the BPO sector 5,000 acres of land For the Konza Technology City (a key Vision 2030 Flagship Project) has been Secured, the Master Plan for the city has been completed and Tender for the Master Builder and market sounding activities are on-going.

ii) Social Pillar—achieving cohesive society enjoying equitable social development

Pupil enrollment in Early Childhood Development Centers increased from 1,691,093 in 2007 to 2,193,071 in 2010. Between 2007 and 2010, the number of pupils enrolled in primary school increased from 8.25 million to 9.38 million. The transition rate from primary to secondary education increased from 60% to 75% by 2012.

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